Plant These 39 Seeds in Fall for Spring Blooms

Are you itching to spend time in the garden in the cool fall weather? In this article, gardening expert Melissa Strauss discusses what flower seeds to plant in the fall for a bounty of spring-blooming plants.

A sprawling garden adorned with carefully arranged flower curbing, creating a vibrant border. The garden is a symphony of colors, showcasing a diverse array of flowers and plants that come together to form a mesmerizing and picturesque landscape.


Before you put away your trowel and hang up your sunhat for the winter, I have some good news for you. Right now, as the weather is cooling off and the garden is once again a pleasant place to spend time, there’s already much you can do in the fall to prepare your garden for spring. Here, we’ll share 39 seeds you can plant in autumn for beautiful spring blooms!

We don’t typically don’t think of fall as an ideal time to start flower seeds. Certainly, some winter vegetables prefer to be grown during the cooler weather.

Garlic and onions, for example, are best planted in autumn, as they grow best in cooler weather.  But did you know that many flowering plants enjoy a bit of cold weather before they grow in spring?

Why Plant in Fall?

Three purple flowers stand amidst a vibrant carpet of autumn leaves, showcasing nature's transition. Their royal hue adds a pop of color to the seasonal mosaic, while the leaves carpet the ground below.
Gardening in fall offers advantages like milder weather, fewer weeds, and better seed growth.

The answer to this question is multifaceted but relatively simple. For one thing, there are fewer garden chores and more comfortable hours during the day. With the temperatures falling, it is no longer a game of seeing how long you can tolerate being outdoors before melting into a puddle of sweat. 

In fall, most weeds are dormant, so there are fewer pesky plants to contend with, making the job more pleasant in general. You can prep your fall beds in one weekend and not worry that they will be full of weeds by the time the next weekend rolls around and you’re ready to do your planting. 

Seeds planted in fall also have a leg up on weeds compared to spring-planted seeds. Seeds already sown will have a few weeks to start the growing process before the weeds creep in and compete for nutrients. When the weeds sprout in spring, your flower seedlings will be easily distinguishable, and weeding will be much easier.

Finally, many types of flowering plants require a period of cold temperatures before their seeds will germinate. This process, known as cold stratification, mimics nature. These flowering plants will self-sow their seeds in the late summer or fall; when spring rolls around, the gradually warming temperatures indicate to the seeds that it’s time to spring to life, but they won’t know that if they aren’t exposed to the cold!

When to Plant

Tender green seedlings emerge from the rich, dark soil, reaching for the nurturing sunlight above. These young plants, with their nascent leaves unfurling, symbolize nature's resilience and the cycle of renewal.
Successful gardening often means mimicking nature’s seed germination process, influenced by climate timing.

Successful gardening can be boiled down to imitating nature. Most plants shed their seeds in late summer or fall. These seeds spend winter in a state of dormancy and germinate as soon as the soil temperature is right. The closer we can mimic this process, the more likely our seeds will thrive. 

The question of timing is going to depend significantly upon your climate. In colder climates, waiting until a killing frost has occurred is best.

This ensures that your seeds don’t have time to sprout. Avoid letting your seeds sprout because they are unlikely to survive the cold. We want them to remain dormant throughout the winter.

If your seeds sprout due to some unexpectedly warm weather, there are some measures you can take to protect them. None are foolproof. If you see seedlings pop up, cover them by spreading a thick layer of mulch. This will help to keep them insulated. 

Aim for late fall to early winter in warm climates that typically don’t experience freezing temperatures. If you live in a climate with a rainy season in winter, try to get your seeds in the ground before the onset of that rainy season. 

How to Plant

A gardener's nurturing hand holds seeds, promising life and growth. A soil bed stretches ahead, its surface tilled and ready for the seeds' embrace. The gardener's skilled hand hints at the upcoming union of earth and life-giving potential.
Prepare your bed for the fall by removing weeds and debris.

Follow the instructions on your seed packets when sowing your seeds. Your seed packets should give you clear directions. Since all plants do not have the same needs, there is no one-size-fits-all solution to how to go about planting seeds.

Something to note is whether or not your seeds require cold stratification. Fall planting is perfect for seeds that require cold stratification, as this process exposes seeds to moist, cold conditions to encourage them to germinate.

This happens naturally for plants that reseed themselves. These plants drop their seeds, which overwinter beneath a layer of cold earth or snow. 

Cold stratification can be carried out by placing your seeds in a container with potting mix in the refrigerator for some time, typically equal to one month. While this is a perfectly valid way to carry out cold stratification, fall planting will accomplish the same objective. 

For best results, clear your bed as you ordinarily do. Clear away any weeds and leftover debris from the prior season.

It’s a great idea to amend the soil at this time. Organic soil amendments need time to break down, which makes fall the perfect time to get them in place and allow them the time they need to enrich the soil. This can be done with a layer of compost or a similar enriching agent such as worm castings

Now comes the tricky part; I say that because it is almost too simple. Spread your seeds over the soil and compress them lightly. You can accomplish this by walking over them. All you want to accomplish here is to set them into the soil so they don’t blow away. Think of how a plant would drop its seeds. This is what you want to replicate. 

Avoid the urge to cover your seeds with mulch, straw, or anything else. Just let them be. Even if birds come to have a snack on your freshly sown seeds, it shouldn’t be a problem. There will be plenty left behind. 

When spring comes, make sure that your flower bed remains moist. You are unlikely to have to do much watering, but if the soil appears to be drying out, give it some water. Once your seeds sprout, don’t allow the soil to dry out completely.

What Should I Plant?

Now for the good part. Here are 39 types of seeds that you can plant in the fall so that they can get a head start in spring and have your garden bursting with color in no time at all.


A gentle hand holds an alyssum plant, its vibrant color contrasting against the earthy pot-shaped soil. In the background, a sea of white and purple alyssum blooms creating a soft, blurred tapestry, adding to the sense of natural beauty.
This versatile and attractive ground cover has clusters of tiny flowers.
botanical-name botanical name Alyssum
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 3-9”
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 5-9

Alyssum makes a beautiful ground cover and filler plant in the garden. Clusters of tiny flowers top dense foliage. Plant these in well-drained soil. These low-growers aren’t picky about soil type but do like moisture.

They look great in containers as well! They prefer to have some protection from the afternoon sun, as this will keep them blooming for a longer period. 

Baby Blue Eyes

A profusion of baby blue eyes flowers, vibrant and delicate, burst into radiant full bloom, filling the scene with nature's gentle elegance. Each bloom showcases a crisp white center that gracefully merges into soothing shades of blue.
These attractive low-growing plants thrive in cool, partially shaded areas.
botanical-name botanical name Nemophila menziesii
sun-requirements sun requirements Partial shade
height height 6”
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 7-10

Another low-growing plant that looks beautiful in a grouping or as a border, baby blue eyes prefer cool weather and at least partial shade. Indirect sun is best for these pretty blue flowers.

These bloom from mid-spring until summer heat sets in. Give them loose soil that is rich in organic material when planting the seeds in fall.

Baby’s Breath

White baby's-breath flowers rest on slender green stems. The dainty, cloud-like appearance of the flowers on their green stems evokes a sense of tranquility as if small wisps of pristine white have been delicately woven onto slender emerald wands.
Baby’s breath is a stunning, versatile plant that thrives in various settings and requires well-draining soil.
botanical-name botanical name Gypsophila
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 6”-3’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-9

Baby’s breath looks gorgeous in a mass planting or interspersed in a cottage garden setting. They will appreciate some afternoon shade in warm climates.

It looks stunning in floral arrangements. Plant in slightly alkaline soil for best results. Baby’s breath prefers dry conditions, so be careful not to overwater this plant. When planting seeds in fall, keep them evenly moist until germination.

Bachelor’s Buttons

A vivid bachelor's buttons flower stands out, its petals displaying a mesmerizing shade of blue. Promising buds beside it hold the anticipation of future beauty, set against a backdrop of tall leaves gently swaying in the breeze.
Bachelor’s buttons are resilient perennials that thrive in various soil types.
botanical-name botanical name Centaurea cyanus
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 1-3’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-11

This reseeding annual will stick around for years if you skip deadheading. Bachelor’s buttons are not picky about soil type as long as it’s slightly acidic and drains well.

Give them full sun, with some protection during the afternoon in warmer climates. Pretty flowers come predominantly in blue, pink, and white. If you plant seeds in fall, a bounty of colors will pop up in spring!

Bee Balm

Vibrant bee balm flowers, with their captivating crimson hue, stand tall among the surrounding green foliage. The flowers resemble a cluster of exquisite, spiky crimson heads that beckon pollinators from afar.
This pollinator-friendly plant has summer flowers and attractive foliage.
botanical-name botanical name Monarda
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 4’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-9

Bee balm flowers in summer but have attractive foliage that will appear in early spring. Rich, moist soil is best.

Plant these seeds in a sunny spot, as bee balm will get leggy if it has to reach for the light. Space seeds out 18-24” to avoid issues with powdery mildew. As its name implies, this is a popular plant for pollinators to visit.

Bells of Ireland

A captivating close-up showcases Bells of Ireland blooms, their lush green color standing out against a backdrop of blurred stones and more of the same flowers. The intricate flower head resembles a cluster of bells.
These ornamental plants self-seed.
botanical-name botanical name Moluccella laevis
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 2-3’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-11

Bells of Ireland is another self-seeding annual that prefers cool weather and blooms in late spring, dying off by mid-summer. Planting seeds in fall mimics their natural cycle. Leave the dried flower stalks in place if you want them to reseed.

These will take a bit more time to germinate, but with some patience, they are stunning and make a gorgeous addition to a cut flower arrangement

Bigleaf Lupine

 A vibrant display of pink bigleaf lupines takes center stage, their abundance outshining the delicate purple bigleaf lupines nearby.  Beneath their elegant presence, a lush carpet of green leaves creates a serene contrast.
Bigleaf lupine needs afternoon shade in warm climates for extended flowering.
botanical-name botanical name Lupinus polyphyllus
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 3-5’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-8

Lupines like cool, moist locations and average soil, although it will grow well in sandy soil if kept moist. Simply break up the soil and scatter these seeds in a spot with at least four to six hours of morning sun. In warmer climates, give them some afternoon shade for longer repeat flowering. 

Black-Eyed Susan

A profusion of black-eyed susan blooms, their delicate stems intertwining as they stand tall in a garden. These black-eyed susan blooms showcase nature's artistry, with a burst of golden petals framing their intriguing and captivating black centers.
Planting black-eyed Susans in your garden benefits bees with late spring pollen and nectar.
botanical-name botanical name Rudbeckia hirta
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 4-5’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-10

The bees will love you for planting black-eyed Susans in your garden. Although they won’t bloom until later in spring, they provide an excellent pollen source and nectar for pollinators.

Plant the seeds in fall in a sunny spot. They are not picky about soil but are susceptible to powdery mildew, so thin them out and keep air circulating through their foliage. 

Blanket Flower

A beautiful display of blanket flowers in their full splendor, showcasing a stunning blend of red and yellow petals. Some blanket flowers are still in the process of blooming, adding an element of anticipation to the overall scene.
These flowers are warm-weather plants, producing red and yellow blooms.
botanical-name botanical name Gaillardia
sun-requirements sun requirements Full Sun
height height 12-18”
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 8-11

Blanket flower is a warm-weather plant. These seeds can be sown in late fall to early winter in Zones 8-11.

These plants need lots of sun and well-drained soil. They are quite drought-tolerant and do well in rocky or sandy soil. Over time, they will spread, although not aggressively, blanketing the ground with stunning red and yellow blooms from spring until fall. 


Vibrant orange calendula flowers, their petals aglow in the warm sunlight, create a striking visual display. These cheerful blossoms stand tall, their delicate stems swaying gently in the breeze, while nearby leaves add a touch of greenery to the scene.
Calendula requires well-draining soil and six hours of daily sun.
botanical-name botanical name Calendula officinalis
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 8-24”
hardiness-zones hardiness zones Perennial in 9-11, Annual elsewhere

Sometimes mistaken for marigolds, calendula is visually similar but a different genus of plants. Plant these in a space with rich soil that drains well and gets at least six hours of sun daily.

These beauties grow easily from seed. In spring, when they sprout, thin your calendula to about eight inches apart.


Purple columbine flowers with delicate, five-petaled blooms stand proudly. Their regal hue adds a touch of elegance to the garden's foreground, contrasting beautifully against the vibrant backdrop of lush, green leaves.
Columbines are cross-pollinating perennials requiring patience for unique, beautiful blooms.
botanical-name botanical name Aquilegia
sun-requirements sun requirements Partial shade
height height 1-3’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-9

These short-lived perennials are heavy re-seeders and cross-pollinate freely. Filtered light or partial shade is best for lovely columbines, and they prefer rich, well-drained soil.

Many varieties don’t bloom their first year, so get a head start by planting the seeds in fall. They require patience, but they are worth it. The flowers are unique and beautiful.


Nature's beauty is evident as a coneflower's pink petals contrast against a soft, blurred canvas of lush greenery in the background. The coneflower's striking orange button-like center adds a captivating focal point.
The coneflowers bloom in their second spring from fall-started seeds.
botanical-name botanical name Echinacea
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 2-4’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-9

Coneflower is another plant that is unlikely to bloom in its first year. Start the seeds during fall, and by the second spring, you should see some of these fun spiky blooms that are irresistible to pollinators.

They will tolerate partial shade but flower best in at least six hours of direct sun. They are adaptable to different soil types, but these prefer sandy soil.


Several purple cosmos flowers in full bloom, revealing their stunning yellow centers that add a pop of contrasting color to the scene. Delicate fern-like foliage surrounds the purple cosmos, creating an elegant and balanced composition of textures and shades.
These annual flowers require infrequent watering and deadheading for optimal blooming.
botanical-name botanical name Cosmos
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 18-60”
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-11

Cosmos are lovely annuals that begin blooming two to three months after germination. They prefer loose, dry soil and should be watered only once or twice weekly in cooler weather.

Deadhead these plants by cutting the stem back to the closest leaf for more blooms. You will see far more flowers if your cosmos get plenty of sun. 


Tall delphinium flowers with deep blue petals stand gracefully amidst vibrant green leaves. The delicate blooms create a striking contrast against the natural backdrop, highlighted by the soft blur of a tree trunk in the background.
Plant delicate Delphinium flowers with hollow stems in a wind-protected area.
botanical-name botanical name Delphinium 
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 5-6’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-7

Plant these tall flowers in a spot sheltered from the wind and stake them early. Delphinium has hollow stems that can be fragile and break easily.

Large, stunning flower spikes make these an excellent addition to the cottage garden. Plant them in well-draining, neutral to slightly alkaline soil. 


Charming dianthus blossoms with layers of lush, vibrant petals in shades of deep to light pink. Their slender, dark green leaves provide a harmonious contrast, enhancing the allure of these blooms.
Dianthus, also called sweet William, prefers partial afternoon shade in very hot climates.
botanical-name botanical name Dianthus
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 10-20”
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-10

Also known as sweet William, dianthus is a beautiful genus of sturdy flowers that includes carnations. These mounding plants make a great border and will continue blooming into the summer if you deadhead them.

Most varieties are perennial. During the hot summer months, they will appreciate some shade in the afternoon. 

False Queen Anne’s Lace

Graceful white blossoms of false Queen Anne's Lace, their petal clusters forming elegant umbrella-like shapes. The flowers are held aloft by slender stems amidst a sea of verdant, finely cut foliage.
These unique flowers thrive in varied sunlight and well-drained soil.
botanical-name botanical name Ammi majus
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 3-4’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-11

False Queen Anne’s lace is related to regular Queen Anne’s lace but has a slightly different flower formation. This plant can handle lots of direct sun, but needs well-drained soil.

The lacy look of these flowers adds a special element to the garden reminiscent of wildflowers. They are perfect for a cottage garden.


An azure charm of several flax flowers takes center stage, their vivid color contrasting against the soft blur of nature's canvas. Among them, budding flax blossoms hold the promise of more enchanting blooms.
Flax plant’s beautiful flowers are a delightful addition to gardens.
botanical-name botanical name Linum usitatissmum
sun-requirements sun requirements Full Sun
height height 18-30”
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 5-8

You may recognize the name flax from the health food store, and linen fabric is made from the fibers of this plant. You’re in for a treat if you are unfamiliar with the flowers because while we don’t often consider flax in a garden, their blue flowers are well worth growing!

The delicate and beautiful flowers produced by the flax plant make a wonderful addition to the garden. They like some shelter from the afternoon rays. Their size makes them a perfect mid-ground plant.


A profusion of forget-me-not flowers in full bloom, displaying delicate, four-petaled blue blossoms with charming yellow centers. These dainty blooms are elegantly set against a backdrop of lush, verdant leaves, creating a captivating natural tapestry.
Forget-me-nots are hardy perennials with abundant flowers that thrive in cooler months.
botanical-name botanical name Myosotis
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 4-12”
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-8

Sturdy and tolerant, forget-me-not is a flowering perennial that produces lots of pretty flowers in the cooler months before going dormant during the heat of summer.

Giving your plants some afternoon shade in warmer climates will prolong their blooming season. They like moist, organically rich soil and grow very well near a stream or other water feature.


Amidst the towering trees of the forest, clusters of foxglove flowers flourish. Their purple tubular blooms create a striking contrast against the verdant surroundings. Delicate green buds rest atop the blooms.
Foxgloves thrive in well-drained, moist soil and attract pollinators with their bell-shaped flowers.
botanical-name botanical name Digitalis
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 2-5’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-10

Foxgloves are easy to grow and maintain if you get a few planting elements correct. Well-drained, moist soil is necessary for these plants, but composition and pH are less critical.

Most cultivars prefer partial shade, but a few types can tolerate more sunlight. Their bell-shaped flowers are very popular among pollinators, especially bees. 


Tall hollyhock stems adorned with vibrant pink, white, and purple flowers stand proudly. Each flower boasts a radiant yellow center that draws in the eye. The flowers create a striking contrast against the backdrop of deep green leaves.
Hollyhocks are tall, short-lived perennials ideal for the back of a garden bed.
botanical-name botanical name Alcea
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 6-8’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-10

Hollyhocks are short-lived perennials. They are quite tall and best planted toward the back of the garden bed.

If you start them early and where they can naturally cold-stratify, they may bloom the first year, so planting these seeds in the fall is ideal. They flower best with eight hours of sunlight, but they can tolerate some afternoon shade. Hollyhocks often need staking to keep them upright, as they can be heavy when in bloom. 


Deep purple honeywort flowers gracefully dangle from a stem. Partially concealed by their own lush leaves, the honeywort blossoms create an intriguing visual interplay. The backdrop fades into a soft blur of more honeywort blooms and foliage.
Honeywort is a striking plant with violet flowers that thrives in warm climates.
botanical-name botanical name Cerinthe
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 2-4’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 7-10

For warmer climates, honeywort is a stunning addition to the garden that you can grow from seed. Uniquely shaped, deep violet flowers bloom in early spring and will start growing in winter.

This Mediterranean native is often grown as a warm weather annual in colder climates, but it performs as a perennial in tropical and subtropical climates. Rich, well-drained soil will help your honeywort produce the most flowers. 


A vibrant display of lavenders in full bloom, their tall stems reaching skyward, painting the scene with shades of purple and green. In the background, a soft blur of lavender extends.
Lavender is highly drought and cold-tolerant, making it a stunning summer-blooming garden choice.
botanical-name botanical name Lavandula
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 2’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 5-9

Who doesn’t love lavender? I often hear that gardeners find them difficult to grow, but a few tricks of the trade will keep your lavender happy.

Lavender plants like poor soil conditions. Think sandy or rocky. They don’t need to be fertilized and are exceptionally drought and cold-tolerant. A mass planting of lavender is a beautiful sight to behold, and they will bloom through the summer. 


A beautiful display of purple lobelia blooms, creating a sea of captivating color. In the background, a soft blur hints at the abundance of these exquisite flowers extending beyond the foreground display.
This tender perennial produces cool-colored flowers with delicate foliage.
botanical-name botanical name Lobelia
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height up to 4’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-11

Lobelia is a tender perennial in zones 9-11 that is grown as an annual elsewhere. Mass planting these seeds will create clouds of cool-colored flowers against fine, delicate foliage.

Rich soil is a must, so add a healthy dose of compost before sowing these seeds. Lobelia likes to be fertilized and is happy in full sun or partial shade


A close-up of a white love-in-a-mist flower, highlighting its captivating structure. Beneath the flower, the fern-like leaves spread out, adding a touch of elegance. The blurred backdrop unveils a tapestry of white and blue blooms, accompanied by their foliage.
Love-in-a-mist is a charming plant with a unique texture and fern-like foliage.
botanical-name botanical name Nigella damascena
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 15-24”
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-11

The name alone makes me want to have this in my garden. Love-in-a-mist is a fun plant with lots of texture and a unique flower form.

The fern-like foliage gives a soft and airy vibe. Soil type is not particularly important, but the plant’s long tap root makes direct sowing a must. Keep the soil pH neutral to alkaline.


A vivid marigold blossom, displaying ruffled petals in a captivating shade of orange, stands alone as a testament to nature's artistry. The backdrop unveils a verdant tapestry of compound leaves forming a lush sanctuary.
In hot conditions, marigolds flourish, exhibiting an extended period of blooming.
botanical-name botanical name Tagetes
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 6”-3’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-11

Marigolds are tough little plants with many benefits as companion plants. They love heat and have an extra-long blooming season. It might take these seeds a bit longer to sprout, but sprout they will, and you will have flowers for months.

Marigolds are not picky about soil. They do prefer for it to be moderately fertile with good drainage. Sow these seeds in a sunny spot for lots of warm-colored blooms. 


A close-up reveals the intricate beauty of a milkweed flower. Its composite head boasts a cluster of delicate pink blooms. The backdrop is a soft blur, showcasing the plant's large, vibrant leaves.
The Monarch butterfly larvae rely on the milkweed genus as their food source.
botanical-name botanical name Asclepias
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 2-6’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-9

Best known for its use as the larval food of Monarch butterflies, the milkweed genus is wide-reaching and contains more than 70 species native to the United States. It will grow under just about any conditions as long as you plant a variety native to your region.

Once established, milkweed will reseed itself freely. Snapping off seed pods before they open will help keep these plants under control.

Morning Glory 

A blue morning glory blossom gracefully unfurls its tubular petals, showcasing its delicate beauty. It stands tall amidst a backdrop of lush greenery, while its purple stems add a beautiful contrast.
This climber needs a sturdy structure to climb.
botanical-name botanical name Ipomoea
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 6-10’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-11

Morning glory likes to climb, so plant these seeds in a spot where the plant will have a structure to hold onto. A sunny, bright location is very important. The flowers will not open without 6-8 hours of daily sunshine.

Keep the soil neutral to acidic and moist but well-drained. They’re invasive in some areas, so deadhead if you don’t want them to reseed.


 Orange nasturtiums add a pop of color to the scene. Their wooden trellis companion stands as a sturdy ally, guiding their ascent toward the sky. Rounded leaves interlace beneath the blossoms, a verdant embrace accentuating their beauty.
Nasturtiums, ideal edible flowers, prefer poor soil for abundant blooms.
botanical-name botanical name Tropaeolum
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 6-12”
hardiness-zones hardiness zones Perennial 9-11, Annual elsewhere

If you fancy edible flowers, there is no lovelier specimen than the nasturtium flower. Nasturtiums like cool weather. They are an excellent trap plant for aphids!

They may die off in summer in warmer climates, but they reseed themselves freely, so they should return when the weather cools off again. Nasturtiums typically prefer poor soil, as too much nitrogen will mean more green growth and fewer flowers. 


A close-up of a bicolored pansy, showcasing its unique petals. Three petals boast a sunny yellow, resembling a warm smile, while the two adjacent petals flaunt a rich, regal purple that exudes elegance.
Pansies are resilient spring flowers of various colors that tolerate light frost.
botanical-name botanical name Viola tricolor var. hortensis
sun-requirements sun requirements Partial sun
height height 6-12”
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 6-10

Another edible flower, the pansy is the epitome of spring and comes in many different colors and color combinations. The wonderful thing about these plants is that they will stand up to a light frost, so there is no need to worry about them sprouting early.

Place pansies in a space that gets full morning sun and afternoon shade. Too much hot sun will wilt these delicate blooms. These flowers are perfect for the spring and fall garden.


Pendulous purple penstemon blooms, resembling nature's own wind chimes. The flowers hang gently, painting the scene with their regal shades. Amidst the blurred background, the verdant foliage lends a verdant tapestry, setting off the floral spectacle.
Penstemons, or beardtongues, are attractive pollinator-friendly flowers that thrive in full sun.
botanical-name botanical name Penstemon
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 1-2’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-9

Penstemons, also called beardtongues, are a stunning pollinator favorite. Their pretty, tubular flowers are spring food for hummingbirds, and who doesn’t love to see a hummingbird flitting through the garden?

Give these plants plenty of sun and soil that is not too rich. Penstemons will be happiest in sandy or gravel soil that is slightly alkaline. Fertilizer is not necessary if you mix some compost into the soil.


Bright orange poppies, their petals aglow in the sun's warmth. The delicate blooms stand tall amid grass-like foliage, forming a captivating contrast of colors and textures. In the backdrop, a soft blur of lush greenery adds depth to the scene.
Poppies are a reliable August birth flower, with extended blooming from late spring to summer.
botanical-name botanical name Papver
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height Varies widely
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-10

You can’t go wrong with poppies. The birth flower of August has an excellent, long blooming time, from late spring through the summer, going dormant during the hottest months and returning as the weather cools.

Poppies do best when directly sown and left uncovered, as they need light for germination. Give them well-drained soil.

Purple Chinese Houses

Purple Chinese Houses flowers stand tall, creating a vibrant contrast against a soft, blurred backdrop filled with similar flowers. The white petals that gradually transform into purple tones make for a captivating visual journey through the blooms.
Purple Chinese houses feature tiered purple blossoms and thrive in shaded, moist soil.
botanical-name botanical name Collinisia heterpohylla
sun-requirements sun requirements Partial shade
height height 1-2’ 
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-11

Add this butterfly host to your spring garden to draw a host of pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Purple Chinese houses are named for their tiers of purple blossoms that resemble a Chinese pagoda. These woodland flowers prefer to be in partial shade or dappled sun and appreciate rich, loamy, moist soil types.


A picturesque arrangement featuring snapdragons in various shades like pink, purple, magenta, yellow, and white, creating a stunning display. The leaves' deep green hue enhances the overall visual appeal, complementing the vibrant flowers perfectly.
Snapdragons are underrated but charming flowers with a variety of colors.
botanical-name botanical name Antirrhinum
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height up to 4’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones Perennial 7-11, Annual elsewhere

Snapdragons are grossly underrated, especially in the cut flower garden. Not only are they absolutely lovely in form, but they come in so many beautiful colors and have a good vase life, too!

They bloom in cooler weather, and if given plenty of water, they will survive the summer and bloom again in the fall. Neutral pH and nutrient-rich soil are ideal for these pretty flowers. They need some protection from the harsh afternoon sun.

Spider Flower

A cluster of pink and purple spider flowers, revealing their delicate and intricate petal forms, resembling nature's artwork in full bloom. The spider flowers exhibit elongated stamens, extending gracefully beyond the petals.
These tall, exotic plants enhance flower beds and attract pollinators.
botanical-name botanical name Cleome
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height up to 5’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones Perennial 10-11, Annual elsewhere

Spider flowers add great texture to the flower bed, with exotic-looking blooms appealing to pollinators. Their height makes them a great background plant, and they appreciate consistent moisture to bloom their best.

Avoid over-fertilizing, as this can cause growth to become leggy and spindly. If you plant in a windy location, anticipate staking your spider flowers.

Sweet Peas

Graceful purple sweet pea flowers in their tall, elegant forms, reaching for the sun. Their vibrant color adds a touch of royalty to any garden. Long lanceolate leaves accompany the flowers, creating a harmonious contrast.
These fragrant, versatile cut flowers need well-draining soil.
botanical-name botanical name Lathyrus odoratus
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 5-6’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 2-11

Sweet peas make excellent cut flowers with their sweet fragrance and intricate blooms. A native of Mediterranean regions, these plants prefer soil that is sandy or loamy and well-draining.

Some varieties are bushy, while others are climbers and will enjoy a structure to climb. Pick your sweet peas often to keep them flowering rather than going to seed, especially in hot weather.


Several tickseed flowers display their petals that transition from deep red to vibrant yellow. In the background, blurred and dreamy, tickseed buds prepare to join the brilliant display, accompanied by slender, graceful stems.
Tickseed is a hardy, continuous blooming flower that prefers full morning sun.
botanical-name botanical name Coreopsis
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 6”-4’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-9

This big bloomer is not picky and will continue to bloom from spring straight through to fall as long as you deadhead it and shelter it from the heat of the afternoon sun.

Full morning sun is Tickseed’s preference. These low-maintenance flowers are drought-tolerant and make wonderful cut flowers. They will reseed if the birds leave their seeds uneaten.


Purple veronica flowers in full bloom with their lush green foliage. The intricate details of the purple veronica's stamens, which extend beyond the petals, resembling elegant spikes or wispy extensions.
Veronicas, or speedwells, are recognizable cut flowers with tall spikes suited for arrangements.
botanical-name botanical name Veronica
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 6”-3’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-11

Veronica, also known as speedwell, is a flower that is likely familiar to you from places where cut flowers are sold. The tall, neatly arranged flower spikes make perfect airy elements in a cut flower arrangement.

Plant Veronicas in fertile soil. Once established, they are drought-tolerant but try to keep the soil moist while they develop strong roots. Groundcover types are very pretty in rock gardens. 

Virginia Stock

An enchanting display of purple Virginia stock flowers, basking in the warm embrace of sunlight. Delicate veins grace the petals, adding intricate patterns to their allure. The blossoms are accompanied by their lush foliage.
Virginia stocks are visually appealing, fragrant plants that thrive in the sun and tolerate shade.
botanical-name botanical name Macomia maritima
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 6-12”
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-9

A relative of broccoli and other brassicas, Virginia stocks aren’t much for eating, but they are lovely to look at and have a very pleasant fragrance. Also called gilly flower, Virginia stock prefers full sun but will tolerate some shade, especially in the afternoon.

This is an excellent plant for coastal gardens. It is salt tolerant and feels at home in various soil types.


A close-up of wallflowers bunched together, showcasing their red and magenta hues. The wallflowers create a striking focal point with their rich colors, while a soft blur of lush greenery forms a soothing backdrop.
Wallflowers feature fragrant, warm-toned flowers that thrive in sandy soil.
botanical-name botanical name Erysimun
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 2-3’
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 6-9

Wallflowers are another member of the Brassica family, with wonderful, fragrant flowers in warm tones. These biennials may not bloom in their first year, but if planted in the fall, there is a chance.

They are easy to grow and do well in sandy soil. Neutral to alkaline soil will keep your wallflowers happiest.

Final Thoughts

By sowing these flower seeds in the fall, your garden will get a head start on producing a wonderful mass of spring-blooming flowers. Some of these beauties will continue to bloom throughout the summer and into the fall. Doing this small task in the fall will save time and effort in the spring for planting all of those delicious veggies that you want to grow!

Orange Iris growing in Garden with bright orange petals opened for the sunlight.


11 Different Types of Orange Iris Varieties For Your Flowerbeds

Looking for an orange iris variety to zest up the yard? Hoping to install a few garden stars that’ll set a sunny tone? With 300 species and thousands of cultivars, there are plenty of orange iris varieties to choose from. In this article, certified master gardener Liz Jaros profiles 11 of her favorites, offering growing tips and maintenance requirements for each.

tough roses


17 Roses So Tough That They Are Almost Impossible to Kill

Do you need a bullet-proof rose? Feared for their finicky reputation, how roses actually perform in your garden is impacted by where you live and the variety you choose. In this article, gardening expert and rose enthusiast Danielle Sherwood lists 17 tough roses known to thrive and look good in a variety of climates, no green thumb required!

A wooden planter box displays a charming arrangement of yellow flowers with their delicate petals catching the sunlight's warm embrace. The sight of these blossoms in the wooden planter box brings a sense of joy to any space they adorn.


27 Flowering Perennials for Raised Garden Beds

Have you been eyeing a new raised bed? Raised beds are a perfect vessel for perennial gardens. Most perennials will grow nicely in raised beds, while others may need more space to spread out. In this article, gardening expert Jill Drago will list 27 perennials that are perfect for your raised beds.

Purple Lisianthus growing in the garden


How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Lisianthus

Are you someone who’s ready for a gardening challenge? Are you desperate for a cut flower that will thrive in hot, dry conditions? There may be an answer to your solution in a little-known flower called lisianthus. In this article, gardening expert and cut flower farmer Taylor Sievers shares how to grow this colorful, rose-like flower in your garden.

A vibrant cluster of blazing star flowers, their tall stalks reaching for the sky, stands prominently amidst a sea of green grasses and delicate yellow plants. The flowers' brilliant hues captivate the eye, drawing attention to their captivating beauty.


When do Blazing Star Flowers Bloom?

Blazing star (Liatris spp.) flowers are spectacular additions to a perennial wildflower garden. Part of the fun of growing blazing stars is waiting for those flowers to emerge and brighten the garden, attracting many pollinators. Gardening enthusiast Liessa Bowen will discuss all things blazing star, so you will know a little about what to expect while waiting for your Liatris to bloom.