Ponytail Palm Care – How to Grow Beaucarnea Recurvata

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The ponytail palm is a unique houseplant that — SURPRISE — isn't a palm at all! It is actually a succulent, believe it or not.

It's an excellent choice if you want to add a beautiful houseplant to your home without spending a lot of time caring for it. You can also grow it well as a bonsai!

In this guide, you'll learn exactly how to care for, troubleshoot, and propagate this wonderful houseplant — let's go!

Ponytail Palm Overview

Beaucarnea Recurvata Care
Common Name(s)Ponytail palm, bottle palm, elephant foot tree
Scientific NameBeaucarnea recurvata
FamilyAsparagaceae
OriginSouth america
HeightUp to 15 feet
LightFull to partial sun
WaterMild-average
Temperature65-75°F, but cooler in the winter
HumidityAverage
SoilFast draining soil
FertilizerSpring
PropagationCut the pup away
PestsSpidermites, over watering

The base of the ponytail palm has a bulging appearance with a more narrow trunk , topped with a fountain of long, slender leaves resembling blades of grass. The foliage generally curves downward and can be as much as two feet long and just an inch wide. Because the foliage is quite long, ponytail palms require a generous amount of space.

As a young plant, ponytail palms barely have a noticeable trunk. Instead, it resembles an onion plant. As the plant matures, the trunk begins to widen and becomes more pronounced.

Eventually, the trunk will develop a brownish-gray colored bark with a texture that very closely resembles an elephant's foot. The base will continue to grow in size, giving the plant a bottle shape.​

This is where the ponytail palm gets its nicknames of "bottle palm" and ​"elephant foot tree." 

Ponytail palms grow slowly, but when grown outside in warm climates they can reach heights of 20 feet or more. When grown as a houseplant, it will usually grows to about three feet tall.

It rarely flowers indoors, but when grown outdoors it will also produce flower stalks that can reach 16 feet or more in height. The stalks produce clusters of small yellowish or beige-colored flowers that open during the summer months.​

Ponytail Palm Care

Overall, beaucarnea recurvata care is pretty simple: give it a good amount of light and don't over-water it. But there are some special things to keep in mind with this plant that we get into below.

Light

Because they're native to sunny desert regions, ponytail palms flourish in bright light. However, they can tolerate some shade, but won't grow as quickly.

Place them as close as you can to a west or east-facing windowsill where they'll get plenty of light and be bathed in the desert heat that they're used to.​

Water

The root system of beaucarnea recurvatas are similar to that of a cactus. The plant's roots push deep into the soil to store water through dry spells. Water is also stored in its wide base.

These plants only need to be watered every one to two weeks, but can go as long as four weeks before needing a drink. Before watering, poke your finger into the soil and make sure it's dry to at least 1" deep.

When you water thoroughly soak the soil and let any excess water drain out.

Soil

Ponytail palms don't need much in the way of soil. Buying a specialized palm, succulent, or cactus mix will work well. 

You can also mix your own soil substrate by combining the following:

  • Two parts of garden soil
  • One part perlite
  • One part coconut peat
  • One part sand, vermiculite, or expanded clay pellets

Try not to add too much peat as it will retain too much water and compact the soil.

Fertilizer

Use a liquid cactus fertilizer once every 2-4 weeks during the growing season. In the off season, you can decrease to once every 1-2 months or so.​

Repotting

You may not ever need to re-pot your ponytail palm. At most you'll need to do so just once every 4-5 years due to its slow growth.

Be sure to pick a wide pot due to the large bulbous root and stem. ​

When you re-pot the plant, water the soil thoroughly but don't apply any fertilizer for at least four weeks. The loose soil in a newly re-potted plant allows too much fertilizer to reach the roots causing them to burn.​

Pruning​

This plant takes up a wide footprint, so you may be tempted to prune the leaves. Resist this temptation. If you prune the leaves they will develop brown edges that don't look good.

Instead, prune the stem if you feel it's getting too tall. at least 2' above the bottom of the plant and wait. After 2-3 weeks, you'll see at least two new shoots sprout.

Ponytail Palm Propagation

These plants produce little "pups" when propagating themselves. All you really need to do to propagate it is to remove the pup from an existing plant and repot it.

To remove a pup, brush soil away from the base of the plant so you can get at the pups. Use a sterilized knife to slice the pup off of the plant. If there are multiple pups, choose one that is at least 4" tall as it will already be developing roots.

Place the pup in a fresh pot of cactus mix and either place in a high-humidity area or cover with a clear plastic bag. Mist the plant every few days to keep the ​humidity high.

Problems

Pontail Palm Care

Ponytail Palms and Your Cat or Dog

There's a high amount of saponin in the leaves of the ponytail palm, which is poisonous to animals. If you have pets, put the ponytail palm in an area where they're not going to be munching on it all of the time!

Growing Problems

Mention common growing problems that gardeners face with this plant and how to either prevent or control them. These will often be misapplications of the care guide above (too little sun, too much water, etc.).​

Pests

Almost no pests bother the ponytail palm, and even the ones that do won't cause serious harm to it.

However, you might find the classic houseplant pests on your palm — scales, mealybugs, and spider mites.

Here's how to treat these pests:

  1. If it's early, hand-pick and wipe off with cotton swabs soaked in rubbing alcohol
  2. Use water to wash them off of your plant
  3. Use a systemic insecticide to kill everything on the plant

Diseases

Most of the diseases you'll run into have to do with over-watering, so making sure that the soil is not overly moist will solve a lot of problems.

​You'll know if your ponytail palm is suffering from a root or stem rot if you see it start to sag, leaves turn yellow, and sections of the plant begin to feel "mushy."

If you notice these symptoms, stop watering your plant so often. Cut off mushy or infected areas. You can even repot it into fresh, drier soil and clean the root system off.

The only other disease you'll run into is sooty mold. It doesn't kill the plant: most gardeners simply don't like the look of it. To control sooty mold, you can simply wash it off the plant.​

FAQs​

Q. The leaves of my bottle palm are turning yellow and brown, what is going on?

A. If your plant's lower leaves become yellow or start to turn brown, it's a good sign that the plant isn't receiving enough water.

Q. How should I care for my ponytail palm during the winter?

A. While this plant definitely loves warm sunny locations, it prefers cooler temperatures of around 50° during the winter months.

I’m the founder of Epic Gardening, a website dedicated to teaching 10,000,000 people how to grow plants. I enjoy skateboarding, piano, guitar, business, and experimenting with all kinds of gardening techniques!

Ponytail palm care is surprisingly easy for a palm. Learn exactly how to grow beautiful beaucarnea recurvata in your home with this in-depth guide.
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68 thoughts on “Ponytail Palm Care – How to Grow Beaucarnea Recurvata

  1. My cats ate all my leaves off of my ponytail. There are just a couple tiny sprouts now that are left. How can I get them to grow back? All of the ends are dried and covered with the dead leaf ends

  2. I was gifted a small ponytail palm that is very yellow and brownish on the ends of the leaves. I have accidentally been over watering it for the past couple of weeks because I thought it was dry. I will curb my watering instincts, but what else should I do?

    • I’ll make a video and article on this, but the short answer is you have to change out the soil. Rinse off the roots, cut away any dead roots, and then repot with fresh soil.

  3. HIya. I was wondering if I could bring my 18yr old ponytail indoors. ? It has spent Its whole life outdoors. Our climate isn’t the warmest all the time. But inside my house there is a window it would sit beautifully infront of. It would also be next to a log burner so it definitely would be warm. Should I leave it growing in it’s pot outside or if I brought it inside , would it die?

    • I can’t say for sure whether it would survive or not, but you can test for a few days and see how it responds. The thing about a plant that old living in the same spot is that it is very accustomed to that spot, so might stress a bit when moved.

  4. I have had my ponytail Palm for about 10 years now and have never had a problem. I went out of town for a month and when I came back, my palm looked TERRIBLE! My roommate felt the need to water it daily and give it a “prune”. It is now just a bare trunk in a pot. The base is still firm and I am being very very careful with it. I let it dry out for 3 weeks before giving it any water. I now water it every 2 weeks and I also have some kelp fertilizer (Kelp Man) that I give to it very very sparingly. I have also rearranged my kitchen so that it now sits in the sunniest spot.

    What are the chances of it coming back and growing some new fronds? Are there any other remedies I can try?

    • WHAT?! A prune while you were away? That’s a bit rude. It sounds like you’re doing everything you should be doing, so I can’t give you much more advice. Fingers crossed for you!

  5. I recently purchased a ponytail palm. I was just wondering how you make the leaf more curled into ringlets? Thank you.

  6. My ponytail palm is about nine years old always been healthy but today lose all of it’s leaves, will they grow back and what do I need to do.

    • I’d check to see if anything in the environment changed and try to give it the conditions recommended in the guide. Something must have happened in the growing environment for it to drop all of its leaves like that!

  7. Hi if my plant is outdoors how will it handle the cold. It is undercover but the bottom leaves are turning yellow. Have watered about every ten days. Do I perhaps need to bring it in doors for winter?

  8. My bulb seem dry and hollow. Is it ok ?
    And I dropped it busted my pot and to report. While this happened I broke a small sprout off. It’s have a bad day.

  9. Hi there, I was just wondering about my Ponytail — It seems healthy, but it is quite wobbly in the pot. Is this something to worry about?
    The trunk is firm/hard, and there’s been some new fronds in the recent past. I’ve been watering it probably 1 x week or a bit less than that.
    Thanks for any info!

    • Hmmm…wobbly makes me initially think of root rot eroding out some of the stability, so definitely make sure to check for that. Could also just be a lot of new growth up top destabilizing it a bit! Might be time for a repotting.

  10. I have a ponytail palm that is about 10 years old. When I got the plant there were three bulbs in the pot. Over the years repotting I now have a huge plant that has outgrown it’s pot. Can I divide the bulbs into separate pots. My animals have done some damage to the fronds by pulling them off. Can I cur the top foliage? Will it make new?
    Thank you
    Ellie

    • You totally can remove the bulbs! Follow the propagation instructions in that section and you should be just fine! You can also clip some of the foliage if you feel it doesn’t look great…the plant will recover, just slowly.

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