37 Perennial Herbs: Plant Them Once and Harvest Forever

Whether you’re looking for a plant to brighten up your meals or provide medicinal benefits, you can find a perennial herb that meets your needs. Join gardener Briana Yablonski to learn 37 perennial herbs to add to your garden.

A sun-drenched garden bed adorned with aromatic herbal and medicinal plants boasting purple flowers, inviting a serene ambiance. In the blurred background, an array of verdant foliage extends, promising an immersive botanical retreat.

If you ask me, no garden is complete without an herb or two. Not only do these plants add beauty to your landscape, but they also offer culinary, medicinal, and aromatic applications. 

Plus, many herbs are low-maintenance and perfect for beginner gardeners, especially if you plant perennials. These plants come back year after year, meaning you can plant them once and enjoy their harvests for years to come.

Join me as I cover 37 perennial herbs you can add to your garden.

English Thyme

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Garlic Chives

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Lemon Balm

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American Ginseng

A close-up of American Ginseng showcases its distinctive leaves and a vibrant cluster of red berries, highlighting its botanical features. The intricate details reveal the plant's natural beauty and its significance in traditional medicine and herbal remedies.
Highly valuable ginseng roots are sought after in Appalachia.
botanical-name botanical name Panax quinquefolius
sun-requirements sun requirements Partial shade to full shade
height height 4-24 inches
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-8

If you drive through the back roads of Appalachia or scan through local papers, you’ll probably see ads for ginseng for sale or even spot stories about ginseng-driven crime. That’s because the roots of this native plant can bring in some serious cash. While cultivated plants aren’t as valuable as their wild counterparts, they are still a popular forest crop and a fun addition to a shady garden.

Although people prize ginseng for its medicinal roots, it’s easy to mistake the above-ground portions for many other common forest plants. Ginseng produces leaves containing five individual leaflets and sends up clusters of bright red berries in the summer.

If you want to cultivate American ginseng at home, plant it in an area with rich, moist soil and lots of shade. While you can harvest cultivated ginseng at any time, waiting at least five years will lead to larger roots.

Anise Hyssop

A cluster of purple anise hyssop flowers gracefully tower on delicate stems. Their rich hue contrasts beautifully against the backdrop of verdant foliage below, creating a harmonious botanical tableau in full bloom.
The anise hyssop’s distinctive aroma makes it a favorite among northern United States gardeners.
botanical-name botanical name Agastache foeniculum
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 3-5 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 5-9

Although it’s easy to think this plant is related to hyssop (Hyssopus genus) and anise (Pimpinella anisum), it actually belongs to the mint family. The plants produce tell-tale square stems but exude a much different aroma than peppermint and applemint. As you might expect, the green leaves and bright purple flowers have a smell and flavor reminiscent of black licorice.

Since anise hyssop is native to much of the northern United States, it’s one of my favorite plants to mix with hardy perennial flowers like coneflowers and rudbeckia. The clusters of purple flowers become covered with native bees and wasps during the summer, creating a harmonious buzzing.

Anise hyssop seedlings require regular water while they’re small, but they’re easy to care for plants once they’re well rooted in the ground. The plants stand proud and tall without staking and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. Although anise hyssop isn’t invasive, it easily spreads since it readily self-sows and produces rhizomes.

Bay Laurel

A branch of bay laurel, featuring green berries nestled among ovate leaves, symbolizing abundance and freshness in nature. The close-up reveals the intricate details of the cluster, highlighting the botanical beauty of the bay laurel tree.
This can be grown in containers and moved indoors during winter.
botanical-name botanical name Laurus nobilis
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 8-12 feet indoors, 30-60 feet outdoors
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 8-10

When you think of herbs, you probably imagine tender greens like basil and cilantro or small woody shrubs like rosemary and sage. But some perennial herbs arrive in larger packages. Bay laurel, the plant that produces the bay leaves we toss into soups and stews, grows as a medium shrub to a large tree.

Since it’s native to the Mediterranean, it can’t survive the winters in much of the United States. However, it grows well in containers, so you can easily plant it in a pot and move it indoors before cold temperatures arrive. Just make sure to slowly acclimate potted plants to their new environment to limit stress.

These plants are slow growers, so don’t worry if they seem to remain the same size month after month. Bright light, moist and well-draining soil, and warm temperatures will all keep the plant happy and encourage it to put on new growth.

Bronze Fennel

Bronze fennel, a slender herb, rises elegantly amidst a cluster of vibrant flora, its rich bronze hue contrasting with the verdant backdrop. Delicate and airy, its foliage forms a graceful canopy, adding texture and depth to the garden landscape.
The bronze fennel is known for its sweet anise flavor and beautiful bronze fronds.
botanical-name botanical name Foeniculum vulgare ‘Purpureum’
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 3-5 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-9

Most people imagine thick, juicy, anise-flavored bulbs when thinking of fennel. And while this classic culinary fennel has its place in gardens and kitchens, I think bronze fennel deserves recognition. This herb doesn’t produce thick bulbs but sends out beautiful bronze fronds with a sweet anise flavor.

As the season goes on, the plants grow upward and eventually produce beautiful umbels of teeny yellow flowers. Insects of all types flock to these blooms, so bronze fennel is a great addition to pollinator gardens and an excellent attractant of beneficial predators. Plus, it’s a great host plant for the eastern black swallowtail caterpillars.

Bronze fennel typically dies back to the ground in the winter, but it reemerges in the spring. So don’t worry if your plants seem to disappear when cold weather arrives.


A close-up of a catnip plant featuring vibrant leaves and delicate purple flowers. The background, blurred in sunlight, hints at lush greenery, creating a serene atmosphere for the playful herb.
This plant is known for its effect on cats and beautiful flowers.
botanical-name botanical name Nepeta cataria
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 2-3 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-7

You probably know catnip for its ability to send cats into a trance or give them a sudden boost of energy, but did you know this plant produces beautiful flowers and can be used to create a relaxing tea? When you consider these multiple benefits, you may be more inclined to add this perennial herb to your garden.

Since catnip remains on the shorter side and easily spreads across empty ground, I like to use it to fill in empty banks and gaps between herbs like rosemary and lavender. You can also plant it in pots if you’re worried about it taking over your other plants.

Roman Chamomile

Roman chamomile blossoms, each with delicate white petals and vibrant yellow centers, standing out against a lush green backdrop. The sunlight casts a glow, illuminating the serene scene of these sun-kissed botanicals.
This perennial herb is favored for its low, creeping growth.
botanical-name botanical name Chamaemelum nobile
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 3-6 inches
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-9

When people ask me about my favorite perennial herbs to add to the garden, Roman chamomile goes to the top of the list. Although this species doesn’t produce as many flowers as German chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla), it’s a perennial that comes back year after year.

Roman chamomile produces lacy green foliage that grows in a low and creeping manner, making it a suitable option for a ground cover. Plus, it can even tolerate light foot traffic! It sends up small white and yellow flowers throughout the warmer seasons and will continue to produce new flowers if you harvest the old ones.

Once the plants are well-established, they can tolerate drought. The ideal amount of sun depends on your location; plants in warm climates prefer partial shade, while those in cooler climates can tolerate full sun.


In a woven pot rests a cluster of vibrant chives, their slender green stems reaching skyward. Beyond, the blurred backdrop unveils another woven pot and a rustic brick wall.
Growing chives at home is essential for flavorful dishes and beautiful purple flowers.
botanical-name botanical name Allium schoenoprasum
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 12-18 inches
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-8

Whether you want to whip up a batch of cheddar and chive biscuits or hope to douse your home-grown lettuce with homemade ranch dressing, chives are a must-have. And while you can buy clamshells of shriveled chives each time you want to use this onion-like herb, you can also easily grow chives at home. Plus, you’ll not only enjoy the flavorful greens but also have access to the beautiful purple flowers!

Don’t be afraid to cut chives a few inches above ground when you harvest. While individual leaves will regrow, the plants will continue to send out new leaves from their base. Cutting low to the ground keeps the plants looking neat and encourages them to focus on sending out new leaves.

If you hope to harvest edible chive flowers, be patient. Plants typically send up their spherical purple flowers in the late spring and produce new flowers throughout the summer.

Chocolate Mint

A close-up of chocolate mint reveals intricately veined leaves, showcasing its lush greenery. In the blurred background, additional chocolate mint leaves create a rich, verdant tapestry, adding depth to the botanical composition.
This plant has a standard mint flavor but a distinct chocolate hint.
botanical-name botanical name Mentha x piperita ‘Chocolate’
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 1-2 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 5-9

I first came into contact with chocolate mint while working at a farm in Virginia. Each week, we cut back the mint and sent the harvest to a local gelato shop for their chocolate mint creations! Since then, I’ve encouraged others to add this unique mint to their gardens.

The name of this plant doesn’t lie; it has a standard mint flavor with an unmistakable hint of chocolate. I like steeping the leaves in cream for a chocolate mint ice cream or using them to brew a tasty and refreshing tea.

Like most types of mint, chocolate mint grows aggressively. If you don’t want to risk the plant taking over your entire garden, plant it in a container.

Common Comfrey

A close-up of purple common comfrey flowers contrasts beautifully against a blurred backdrop of lush foliage. Each trumpet-shaped blossom gracefully droops, exuding an elegant charm amidst the natural surroundings.
The comfrey is prized for its use in green manure and medicinal applications.
botanical-name botanical name Symphytum officinale 
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 1-3 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-8

Gardeners plant comfrey for numerous reasons. Some people love the purple and blue flowers that attract pollinators, while others tout the benefits of using the fast-growing plant as a green manure and ingredient in compost tea. People interested in medicinal herbs consider this a must-have in their gardens due to the plant’s ability to relieve pain and inflammation.

The plants can readily spread via seeds, and individual plants quickly expand in width. Therefore, you should keep a close eye on your comfrey plants if you don’t want them taking over the rest of your garden.

Common Oregano

Common oregano leaves up close, showcasing intricate textures and serrated edges. The vivid green leaves are clustered together, highlighting their freshness and potential culinary use in various dishes for added flavor and aroma.
A versatile herb called common oregano thrives in well-drained soil and full sun.
botanical-name botanical name Origanum vulgare
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 1-3 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-8

At home in cuisines ranging from Italian to Mexican, common oregano is a versatile herb in the kitchen. You can sprinkle it on pizza, mix it into marinades, and use it to add a rich and woodsy element to braised meats. And no matter how you plan to utilize this herb, there’s no arguing that fresh oregano is better than the dried herbs that have been sitting in your cupboard for years.

While there are many different types of oregano, people often grow common oregano for culinary use. This herb is easy to grow if you provide it with well-draining soil and adequate airflow. Although these plants can tolerate a few hours of shade, they prefer full sun. Not only does this light encourage new growth, but it also helps dry moisture that can lead to fungal diseases.

Since oregano plants benefit from regular trims, don’t be afraid to harvest the leaves every week or so. Pinching off the two few inches of stems will provide you with tasty leaves and also encourage the plants to develop a compact, bushy shape.

Common Sage

A close-up of common sage leaves, showcasing their muted green hues and intricate textures. The blurred background softly reveals a dense cluster of additional leaves, adding depth to the image and highlighting the abundance of nature's intricacies.
Ensure sage plants are in well-draining soil and avoid over-harvesting during initial years.
botanical-name botanical name Salvia officinalis
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 2-3 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-8

With hundreds of different sage species and varieties available, you have your fair share of choices. But if you’re looking for a type of sage that blends well with butternut squash and adds an irreplaceable flavor to stuffing, common sage is your best bet.

This perennial herb prefers dry and well-draining soil, so keep it away from wet and compacted areas. Since sage plants grow slowly during their first few years, harvest no more than one-fifth of the plant at a single time. You can take larger harvests as the plants mature.

English Thyme

A close-up of English thyme herb showcases its delicate beauty, with slender stems gracefully adorned by small leaves. Each leaf appears vibrant, adding a touch of freshness to the overall composition.
The English thyme is known for its spicy, woodsy flavor.
botanical-name botanical name Thymus vulgaris
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 6-12 inches
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 5-9

English thyme provides the spicy, woodsy flavor many people think of when they imagine thyme. Like all types of thyme, English thyme prefers well-draining and loose soil, so consider planting in a pot if you’re dealing with compacted or wet soil in your garden.

Although the plants hate wet soil, they can tolerate moderate drought once established. In warm areas, English thyme remains evergreen. It dies back in the winter in colder areas but reemerges the following spring.


A close-up of feverfew flowers highlights their delicate white petals and vibrant yellow centers, radiating a sense of purity and vitality. Nestled among them, small, lobed leaves add contrast and texture to the composition.
This plant boasts medicinal properties, including anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects.
botanical-name botanical name Tanacetum parthenium
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 1-3 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 5-8

Feverfew’s small white and yellow flowers make it look a lot like chamomile, but the plants’ foliage makes it easy to tell these two herbs apart. While chamomile has lacy foliage, feverfew produces wider, serrated leaves.

Although feverfew’s beautiful flowers make it a welcome addition to any garden, people also appreciate the plant’s medicinal uses. Research shows that plants have anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, and fever-reducing properties and can display anticancer activity. 

Garlic Chives

Rows of garlic chives thrive in rich, brown soil, their slender stems reaching towards the sun. Each leaf exudes a vibrant green hue, promising a pungent burst of flavor when harvested for culinary delights.
These herbs remain evergreen in warm climates but die back in cold winters.
botanical-name botanical name Allium tuberosum
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 1-2 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-9

When you look at garlic chives from a distance, they closely resemble common chives. But a closer inspection reveals flattened leaves and a distinctly garlicky fragrance. The plants also produce clusters of small white flowers rather than purple blooms.

You can grow and harvest garlic chives much like regular chives. The plants grow in clumps and continually regrow after you cut their leaves close to the ground. Garlic chives remain evergreen in warm climates but die back during cold winters.

Greek Oregano

Greek oregano thrives in a black pot, its deep green leaves unfurling gracefully. Each leaf boasts a soft, fuzzy texture, inviting touch and releasing a fragrant aroma that whispers of Mediterranean summers and savory culinary delights.
The Greek oregano boasts a distinct flavor highly valued by chefs.
botanical-name botanical name Origanum vulgare subsp. hirtum
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 6-9 inches
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-8

While Greek oregano may look very similar to other types of oregano, you just need to taste a leaf to recognize the differences. Greek oregano packs a powerful punch that Italian and Greek chefs prize. Some people say the taste is strong enough to temporarily numb your tongue!

This herb produces stems covered with small green leaves resembling marjoram. But when you look closely, you’ll see teeny, tiny hairs covering the plant’s leaves.

Like all types of oregano, this plant can develop woody stems as it ages. These woody pieces aren’t problematic, but feel free to remove the stems at ground level during the fall. The plants will send out fresh new growth the following year and continue to provide you with flavorful leaves.


Vibrant horehound leaves stretch out, embracing the sunlight with a muted green hue. Each leaf is intricately veined, capturing the essence of nature's meticulous craftsmanship in its delicate patterns and verdant coloration.
This herb has a flavor resembling root beer and black licorice.
botanical-name botanical name Marrubium vulgare
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun or partial shade
height height 1-2 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-7

Horehound is famous for its use in the hard candies of the same name, but people also use it to create teas and tinctures. The leaves taste something like a mixture of root beer and black licorice. 

Horehound doesn’t require much care to thrive, and since it’s a member of the mint family, it can spread rapidly. Planting it in a container helps keep it contained and is a good idea if you have a garden filled with other valuable and cherished perennials.


A serene field of lavender gently sways in the breeze, painting a picturesque scene. A diligent bumblebee delicately perches on a lavender flower, diligently gathering nectar amidst the purple hues of the field.
Consider variations in hardiness and bloom time when selecting lavender.
botanical-name botanical name Lavandula spp.
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 1-3 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 5-9

When most people think of flowering herbs, lavender is one of the first plants that pops into their heads. And how could they not think of these vibrant purple blooms that impart an incredible aroma?

Since different lavender species vary in hardiness, bloom time, and fragrance, take a moment to learn about each type of lavender. For example, English lavender produces the most fragrant flowers, but French lavender has a longer bloom time.

Regardless of the species you choose, plant your lavender in a sunny location with well-drained soil. Although lavender plants can tolerate drought and nutrient-poor soil, they hate sitting in water for even a few hours.

Lemon Balm

A close-up captures the intricate textures and serrated edges of lemon balm leaves, offering a glimpse into its unique features. In the blurred background, an array of lemon balm herbs adds depth and context to the vibrant composition.
This is a member of the mint family that grows rapidly and spreads easily.
botanical-name botanical name Melissa officinalis
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 1-2 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-7

A few different herbs impart a lemony fragrance and flavor, but lemon balm might be the easiest to grow. As a member of the mint family, it grows quickly and spreads easily—even if you don’t provide it with the best care. Planting in a pot is a good idea if you hope to keep it contained.

Since lemon balm is a quick grower, don’t hesitate to regularly harvest the plant’s tender leaves. Both fresh and dry foliage provide a bright flavor to herbal teas and pair nicely with peppermint and chamomile.

Lemon Thyme

Sunlight streams through the leaves of lemon thyme, casting a luminous glow on their delicate surface, highlighting their vivid green hue. Each leaf basks in the warmth, embracing the nourishing energy of the sun's rays.
The lemon thyme is a versatile, fragrant plant ideal for kitchens.
botanical-name botanical name Thymus citriodorus 
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 6-12 inches
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 5-8

If you’re looking for a low-growing plant for a sunny and well-draining spot, lemon thyme is an excellent choice. I like tucking the plants into crevices in rock gardens and placing them between large pavers. Although lemon thyme can’t tolerate a ton of foot traffic, it won’t mind a few footsteps every now and then. Plus, it will fill the air with a wonderfully citrus scent when brushed!

Lemon thyme works well in both sweet and savory culinary applications. Try sprinkling some on roasted vegetables or fish and mixing a few leaves into a loaf of lemon cake. And if spending time in the kitchen isn’t your idea of fun, you can hang a few springs to brighten your home with a bright scent.

Lemon Verbena

Lemon verbena's slender leaves gracefully sway, catching the sunlight in their verdant embrace. Bathed in golden rays, the vibrant plant radiates vitality, a testament to nature's beauty and resilience.
Bring potted lemon verbena indoors for winter to ensure its perennial growth in colder climates.
botanical-name botanical name Aloysia citrodora
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 2-4 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 8-10

If you’re looking for a perennial herb with a citrus flavor but are afraid of lemon balm’s aggressive tendencies, check out lemon verbena. This plant grows as a small to medium woody shrub and produces many intensely flavored leaves.

While lemon verbena is a perennial, it can only overwinter in zones eight and above. So, if you want to enjoy this plant for multiple years but live in a cold climate, plant it in a pot and bring it indoors in the winter. Potted plants typically remain smaller than in-ground plants, but the plants will still provide you with plenty of bright leaves to use in teas.


A thriving lovage plant, with lush green leaves, stands tall in a wooden garden bed filled with rich, dark soil. In the background, another lovage plant adds depth, its blurred form hinting at the garden's abundance.
The lovage flourishes in spring with tall stalks bearing yellow flowers.
botanical-name botanical name Levisticum officinale
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 3-6 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-8

Lovage looks a lot like celery, but it’s a perennial plant prized for its flavorful leaves. You can also use its seeds and stems to flavor dishes.

In most areas of the country, lovage dies back in the winter and reemerges in the spring. You’ll first spot slender stems covered in green leaves. As the season goes on, the stalks grow taller and eventually produce umbels of yellow flowers that attract tiny insects like hoverflies and green lacewings.


Marjoram leaves in close-up, revealing their ovate shape and fuzzy texture, inviting tactile exploration. In the background, additional marjoram leaves create a soft blur, emphasizing the lush abundance of this aromatic herb.
This herb adds flavor to dishes and offers anti-inflammatory benefits.
botanical-name botanical name Origanum majorana
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 1-2 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 9-10

Like many herbs, marjoram provides multiple uses and benefits. The small, oregano-like leaves liven up marinades, sauces, and dressings with a woodsy flavor, and the plant has proven anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Regardless of how you plan to use marjoram, growing at home is easy.

Native to the areas surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, marjoram prefers lots of sun, warm temperatures, and well-draining soil. If you live in a growing zone below zone 9, the plants probably won’t survive the winter outdoors. However, an easy way to get around this problem is to plant marjoram in pots that you can bring indoors during cooler weather.

Although marjoram plants don’t require much care, they benefit from an annual trim. Use a sharp pair of pruning shears to remove the top few inches of growth during the spring or summer. If you don’t have immediate plans for the fresh leaves, you can easily dry them for future use.

Marsh Mallow

Marshmallow flowers in close-up, capturing the delicate white petals encircling purple stamens. In the background, a soft blur reveals additional marshmallow blooms nestled among lush green foliage, adding depth to the scene.
The marsh mallow is a perennial herb native to Europe and Africa.
botanical-name botanical name Althea officinalis
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 3-6 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-9

Not to be confused with the sugary white treats used to make s’mores, marsh mallow is a perennial herb native to parts of Europe and Africa. People have used the plants for years to thicken soups and stews and soothe irritated mouths and throats.

The plants can tolerate various soil types and moisture levels but are happiest in fertile, moist soil. When happy, they’ll produce tall stems covered in large, alternately arranged leaves. Large white and pink flowers appear at the tops of the stems in late summer or early fall.


A patchouli plant featuring tall stems crowned with delicate purple blossoms, creating a picturesque scene. Green leaves gracefully complement the charming flowers, adding a dynamic contrast to the overall botanical composition.
This aromatic herb can be grown at home with proper care in warm climates.
botanical-name botanical name Pogostemon cablin
sun-requirements sun requirements Partial shade
height height 1-3 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 10-11

Even if you don’t recognize the name patchouli, you’ve probably smelled it in perfumes, incense, and potpourri. Humans have long extracted the essential oil from the plant’s leaves and stems and then used it to add a woodsy fragrance to all sorts of products.

Although Southeast Asia is home to most of the world’s patchouli production, you can also grow this fragrant herb in your backyard or on your patio. Provide these plants with fertile soil, regular water, and warm temperatures to help them thrive. Since they can’t tolerate below-freezing temperatures, consider growing them in pots that you can move indoors during the winter.


Peppermint plant featuring lush, textured leaves in rich green hues, exuding freshness and vitality. Sunlight dances on the glossy surfaces of the leaves, casting a radiant glow, inviting a sensory journey through nature's beauty.
Handle peppermint with caution because of its tendency to spread aggressively.
botanical-name botanical name Mentha x piperita
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 1-3 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 5-9

Many gardeners have a love-hate relationship with peppermint. The invigorating leaves add a refreshing touch to sun tea, cucumber salads, and cocktails, but the plants also have a tendency to take over your garden before you realize what’s happening. However, if you keep peppermint’s aggressive nature in mind, it’s a welcome addition to your garden.

Peppermint grows well in various soil types, but it prefers well-draining soil. Although mature plants can survive periods of drought, keep the soil moist in the first few weeks following transplanting.

If you notice the plant is growing outside of the area where you want it, take action ASAP. Remove the underground rhizomes and plant them in the trash or compost pile (these rhizomes can sprout into new plants, so be careful about where you toss them). Peppermint will continue to spread if you let it, so contain it with landscape edging or buried rocks. And remember, you can always grow peppermint in pots!

Purple Coneflower

A purple coneflower stands tall, showcasing its striking purple petals contrasted by a prominent orange center. Its robust blooms draw attention, encircled by lush green leaves, creating a captivating display of nature's beauty.
The purple coneflowers are popular native plants that provide habitat.
botanical-name botanical name Echinacea purpurea
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 3-4 feet 
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-8

Also known by its genus name Echinacea, purple coneflower is one of the most popular native plants and perennial herbs. The plants provide food and shelter for birds, butterflies, wasps, and small mammals, and the roots serve as a way to lessen the severity of illnesses. However, not all scientists agree on whether or not the plants are effective at improving our health.

Regardless, purple coneflowers are a beautiful addition to just about any flower or herb garden. They can tolerate poor soil, drought, and intense sun, and they fill the garden with beautiful purple blooms. Although you may be tempted to clear the plant’s flower stems when they dry up in the fall, consider leaving the hollow stems for overwintering bees and caterpillars.


A close-up of rosemary, its delicate leaves cascading against a lush, blurred green background, evokes a serene ambiance. Bathed in sunlight, the slender foliage exudes a vivid hue, showcasing nature's intricate beauty in intricate detail.
Optimal conditions for rosemary growth include well-draining soil and full sun exposure.
botanical-name botanical name Salvia rosmarinus
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 4-5 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 7-11

Growing up in Pennsylvania, I was used to delicious albeit humble rosemary plants. Since the severity of the winter cold varied year by year, my family was never sure if our rosemary plants would survive the winter. But when I moved further south, I realized just how impressive rosemary plants could be!

As long as you live in a warm enough area, rosemary plants can survive for over ten years and grow into small to medium shrubs. Planting rosemary in well-draining soil and full sun will help encourage the plants to remain healthy and put on new growth. Regularly trimming the tips of each stem helps promote bushy growth.

Not only does rosemary produce fragrant leaves that work well in culinary and aromatherapy applications, but it also sends out cute purple flowers. If you find your plant isn’t looking very good, you can easily propagate a new plant from cuttings.

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Sorrel greens flourish in vibrant green hues, with leaves shaped like elongated arrowheads, boasting a glossy texture. The blurred background hints at a lush tapestry of grasses, providing a serene backdrop to the thriving foliage.
The sorrel greens are used to brighten marinades and salads.
botanical-name botanical name Rumex spp.
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 1-5 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-8

Sorrel isn’t the most popular herb in the United States, but those who like it can’t get enough of it. While there are multiple sorrel species, all these plants produce greens with a sharp, citrusy flavor. People use these leaves to brighten marinades and salads and create a unique sorrel soup.

Some commonly cultivated species include garden sorrel (Rumex acetosa) and French sorrel (Rumex scutatus). These species grow in a clumping form, with multiple leaves emerging from the same base. Tender leaves are the best for salads, while tougher, older leaves work well in sauces and teas.


Spearmint plant basks in a sunlit glow, its green leaves radiating freshness and vitality. Each leaf carries a tactile richness, with delicate textures intertwining to create a visually captivating botanical spectacle.
The spearmint is best contained in a pot due to its spreading nature.
botanical-name botanical name Mentha spicata
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 1-2 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-10

It’s easy to think all the different mint species and varieties are the same, but each one brings unique qualities to the garden and kitchen. Spearmint stands out with its spear-shaped leaves and unique flavor. Although the leaves are spicy, they are low in the menthol compound that mint plants are known for.

Since spearmint can spread via underground rhizomes, plant it in a pot or planter if you want to keep it contained. Feel free to harvest mint sprigs anytime, but make sure to give the plants a good trim at least once a year.


A close-up of a stevia plant, its serrated leaves glistening in the sunlight. In the background, a soft blur of more stevia leaves adds depth to the lush greenery, creating a tranquil botanical scene.
This centuries-old natural sweetener can be grown in pots for easy winter maintenance.
botanical-name botanical name Stevia rebaudiana
sun-requirements sun requirements Full to partial sun
height height 1-2 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 10-11

In the last ten years, stevia packets have popped up in coffee shops and grocery stores nationwide. However, people have been using this plant as a natural sweetener for hundreds of years. Since stevia doesn’t actually contain any sugar, it’s a low-calorie way to add sweetness to everything from tea to baked goods.

Chewing on stevia leaves provides you with the same sweetness as tasting the substances inside a stevia packet, which illustrates why this plant is so useful to have in the garden. The plants produce purple flowers in the summer, but most growers remove the blooms to encourage leaf growth and improve leaf flavor.

Stevia can survive the winter outdoors in zones 10 and above, but you must bring it inside if you live in colder areas. Planting stevia in pots makes it easy to move the plants indoors to overwinter.

Sweet Cicely

Delicate white flowers of sweet cicely bloom gracefully against a backdrop of blurred, fern-like foliage, creating a serene garden scene. The intricate petals exude an ethereal charm, inviting closer inspection of nature's intricate beauty.
The sweet cicely is valued by some for its sweet anise flavor in culinary.
botanical-name botanical name Myrrhis odorata
sun-requirements sun requirements Partial shade to full shade
height height 2-4 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 5-9

While many perennial herbs thrive in full sun, sweet cicely prefers to grow in shady areas. And that makes sense when you consider this plant is native to European forests. The plants send out fern-like foliage in the spring and eventually send up tall flower stalks covered topped with umbels of tiny white blooms.

Many gardeners used to grow sweet cicely in herb gardens, but its popularity has faded over time. However, some people still keep it around for its sweet anise flavor. You can use the leaves and seeds in culinary creations or use the plant to improve digestion.


A vibrant tarragon herb, its lush greenery beckons with freshness. Each slender stem hosts delicate leaves, promising a fragrant addition to culinary creations or a picturesque accent in a garden setting.
This plant requires protection from root rot and frost in colder climates.
botanical-name botanical name Artemisia dracunculus
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 1-3 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-8

Tarragon is one of those herbs you just can’t replace. Some people say it has a light anise flavor, but if you’ve tasted fresh tarragon, you know the flavor is complex and difficult to describe. Fortunately, you can grow tarragon at home to easily access it.

This herb prefers well-draining soil that dries out in between waterings. If the soil remains wet, the plants will likely develop root rot. While tarragon is winter-hardy in zones 3 and above, protect the plants with mulch or row cover if you’re expecting an unusual cold snap.

Wild Bergamot

A cluster of purple wild bergamot blossoms rests gracefully upon slender, deep purple stems intertwined with verdant green leaves. In the background, a gentle blur reveals a profusion of these exquisite flowers, adding depth to the captivating scene.
A flowering perennial called wild bergamot attracts hummingbirds and bees with its beautiful flowers.
botanical-name botanical name Monarda fistulosa
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun to partial shade
height height 2-4 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-9

Also known as bee balm, wild bergamot is a flowering perennial native to much of the eastern United States. It fits in well in native plant gardens, where it attracts hummingbirds, bees, and hummingbirds with its beautiful flowers. However, you can also use the plant’s leaves for their woodsy, minty scent.

Although wild bergamot isn’t invasive, a small planting can quickly grow into a large clump. Therefore, it’s best grown with other hardy perennials like coneflower and blazing star. All of these plants can tolerate light drought and poor soil, so they grow well together.

Winter Savory

Slender leaves of winter savory herbs catch the sunlight, showcasing their delicate texture and rich green hue. Each leaf seems to shimmer with a subtle sheen, inviting admiration for its beauty and freshness.
This thyme-like herb attracts pollinators with small summer flowers.
botanical-name botanical name Satureja montana
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 6-12 inches
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 5-8

Winter savory is a low-growing, shrubby herb that resembles thyme. While these two herbs have a similar flavor, winter savory is more subdued with increased earthy notes. Therefore, it’s a good addition to breads, sauces, and marinades.

These plants require well-draining soil to thrive, and they can tolerate moderate drought. During the summer, they produce small flowers that attract bees and butterflies.


A close-up of delicate pink valerian herb flowers. The intricate petals gracefully unfold, hinting at nature's elegance. In the backdrop, a soft blur reveals a lush canvas of green foliage, setting a serene ambiance.
All-heal is prized for its medicinal properties and ornamental value.
botanical-name botanical name Valeriana officinalis
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 3-5 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 4-7

Also known by the common name all-heal, valerian is a popular addition to medicinal herb gardens. People have long used the plant’s root to help with relaxation and sleep. Even if you’re not interested in exploring valerian’s medicinal qualities, it makes a beautiful addition to your garden.

The plants produce lacy green foliage and send up tall stalks topped with clusters of small white flowers. They’re also quite hardy and can tolerate various soil types. However, they will grow best if the soil stays moderately moist. If you live in the Midwest, avoid planting valerian in the ground. It’s an invasive species there.


A serene landscape filled with delicate white yarrow flowers blanketing the ground, evoking a sense of purity and tranquility. The slender green stems gracefully uphold the blossoms, while their leaves sway gently in the breeze.
The yarrow is a versatile, low-maintenance plant with attractive foliage and flowers.
botanical-name botanical name Achillea millefolium
sun-requirements sun requirements Full sun
height height 1-3 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 3-9

Yarrow fits in just about anywhere. Whether you’re looking for a flowering plant to add to a native garden or meadow, want to add some color to that rocky patch of your yard, or are searching for a bright addition to your herb garden, yarrow fits the bill.

The plants produce clumps of lacy, green foliage and send up clusters of beautiful flowers. These flowers attract a wide variety of beneficial insects and also work well as cut flowers. Plus, they’re low maintenance and can survive just about anywhere!


Tall zaatar herbs stand proud, their slender stems adorned with green leaves, reaching skyward in a verdant dance. Each leaf exudes the aromatic essence of the Mediterranean, promising a burst of flavor in every bite.
This plant prefers sandy soil or coarse potting mix to thrive.
botanical-name botanical name Origanum syriacum
sun-requirements sun requirements Full Sun
height height 1-3 feet
hardiness-zones hardiness zones 9-10

A member of the oregano family, zaatar is an herb used in a spice mixture of the same name. People also refer to the plant as bible hyssop or Syrian oregano. It’s not as cold-hardy as other types of oregano, so growing it in pots is a good option in much of the United States.

The plants can tolerate intense heat and moderate drought, but they don’t like sitting in wet soil. Planting them in a sandy area or pot filled with coarse potting mix will help them thrive.

Final Thoughts

Whether you’re looking for culinary herbs to add flavor to your kitchen or medicinal herbs for your pantry, you have a wide variety of perennial herbs to choose from. Providing these plants with the proper environment and care will allow them to stick around for years.

A cluster of delicate blue flowers blossoming on vibrant rosemary branches. Each petal unfurls gracefully, creating a visually captivating display. Surrounding the blossoms, slender green leaves add an extra layer of freshness to the herbal landscape.


How to Grow Rosemary From Seed

Rosemary is a beautiful flowering evergreen perennial that can be grown as both an edible and an ornamental in the garden. It is drought-tolerant once established. It has a moderate level of difficulty when started from seed, but gardening expert Kelli Klein is here to walk you through all the tips and tricks. Starting rosemary from seed is a great way to level up your seed-starting skills.

Brown paper pots arranged neatly along a white windowsill display a vibrant assortment of herbs, each pot brimming with life. The sun filters gently through the window, casting a warm glow that nourishes the delicate greenery.


11 Great Herbs That Grow Easily From Seed

Herbs aren’t just plants; they’re aromatic wonders that add flavor, fragrance, and therapeutic benefits to our lives. In this article, herbalist and gardener PNW Ana introduces 11 great herbs that you can easily grow from seed that will awaken your senses!

A wooden crate overflows with an assortment of aromatic culinary herbs, showcasing vibrant shades of fresh green. The lush leaves of basil, mint, and thyme add a burst of color against the backdrop of a flourishing garden.


How to Harvest and Dry Fresh Herbs from the Garden

While nothing replaces the flavor of fresh herbs, drying these aromatic plants allows you to preserve your harvest for future use. Join farmer Briana Yablonski as she explains how to harvest, dry, and store herbs for optimal flavor.

Close-up of a woman's hands holding freshly picked Chamomile flowers over a basket of freshly picked herbs in a wicker basket. Chamomile flowers are charming and daisy-like, with delicate white petals surrounding a central, vibrant yellow disk.


How to Grow an Herbal Tea Garden

If you enjoy sipping on tea and are looking for a new plant project, consider growing an herbal tea garden! Vegetable farmer Briana Yablosnki will share how to design, plant, and care for this fragrant garden.

Four thriving potted herbs arranged on a sun-kissed terrace. Their vibrant leaves create a lush, aromatic display against the backdrop of the outdoors. The herbs soak in the warm sunlight, embracing nature's nurturing embrace.


13 Easy Herbs to Grow in Containers

If you don’t have the space for an expansive outdoor herb garden, these 13 herbs are proven to grow well in containers, allowing you to grow whatever you fancy with limited space.