How Long Will it Take For Strawberries to Grow in My Garden?

Are you thinking of adding some strawberries to your garden, but aren't sure how long they are going to take to grow? The answer may actually surprise you, as it depends on time of year, soil, geographic location and more. In this article, we explore how long it takes for strawberries to grow, and what to do if you are running into problems.

How Long for Strawberries to Grow

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Strawberries are among the most popular fruits you can grow in summer. They are excellent runner plants that can make great ground cover for gardens that may have gaps on the ground, or spaces without plants.

If you are a first-timer, you might wonder how long it will take for strawberries to grow. Understanding how long they can take to grow may influence when or where you decide to plant them.

Knowing the growth period of strawberries is essential because it will enable you to plan for crop rotation to maximize land use. Strawberries are some of the easiest crops to cultivate, especially for beginners. 

How Long Does It Take Strawberries to Mature? 

Maturing Red Fruit
There are many factors that contribute to how long it takes for your strawberries to mature.

Strawberry plants can take 3 to 6 months to mature from bare root plants to delicious fruits. Growing from seed can take up to 150 days. The length of time between planting and production depends on many factors, including: 

  • Propagation material (seed vs. plug vs. bare root)
  • Variety type (day-neutral vs. June-bearing vs. everbearing)
  • Planting season
  • Soil, temperature, water, and light

Depending on the environmental conditions, a new seedling will need around six months to mature. However, bare root or plug plants establish much more quickly than those grown from seed. After the break of dormancy, it will take a strawberry plant two months to develop its roots and foliage, then it can begin producing flowers.

The speed can increase or reduce depending on the soil, plant nutrition, location, weather, and climatic conditions

How Long Do Strawberries Take to Produce Fruits? 

On average, strawberries take roughly three months to produce their fruits. The three months include the whole growing process up to harvest time. Depending on varieties, strawberries typically start fruiting from early summer until the first fall frosts. Strawberries generally grow faster than melon type fruits, like cantaloupe for example, which generally makes them more favorable for people looking for fast-growing fruit plants.

There are several growth phases as described below: 

Phase 1: Leaves and Flowers 

Leaves and Budding Flowers
The first phase of the production of strawberries is when leaves are formed and flowers begin to show up.

The production of leaves and flowers is the initial phase of growing strawberries. As spring approaches, the weather gradually turns warmer. Strawberries emerge from dormancy and begin producing leaves through photosynthesis. Soon, they grow large enough and shift their energy to producing flowers.  

Phase 2: Flowers to Fruit 

White Flower With Yellow Center
After having enough leaves, flowers bloom with enough sun.

Plants with edible fruits produce flowers at some point, usually after acquiring enough leaves and food. Flowers usually emerge after exposure to adequate sunlight; therefore, it can take too long to produce flowers and fruits if you don’t expose them to enough sunshine. 

Strawberries need full sun exposure, which means at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight per day. They may struggle to flower in shady conditions.

Phase 3: Pollination and Fruit Production  

Young Green Fruit
Once insects pollinate the flowers, the fruit begins to grow.

Pollination is critical for strawberries. Without pollination, fertilization will not occur; thus, they won’t produce fruits. Strawberries are insect-pollinated followers. The most common pollinators are birds, bees, and other insects. 

If you covered your strawberries with row fabric in the winter and spring, it is important to remove the cover as soon as you see flowers.

Phase 4: Production of Red Strawberry Fruits  

Red Strawberry Fruits
Strawberries will go from green to red when they are ripe, or at peak sweetness.

At this final phase, strawberries grow at a very high rate as long as the soil, water, and temperature conditions are favorable. You may need to harvest berries every other day to catch them at their ripest. As you pick the fruit, it encourages more flowers and fruits to grow.

Strawberry Varieties and Their Growth Rates 

Bright Red Fruit
The different varieties and types of strawberries will grow at different paces.

There are several strawberry varieties, each with its growth rate. Some strawberries are differently colored, and have been cultivated over time to produce different strawberry types with different growth rates. Consequently, their cultivation is different from one place to another. 

June-Bearing Varieties  

These varieties bear fruits in one big flush around early summer. June-bearing varieties can produce fruits over a period of three weeks. They are sensitive to the length of daytime, produce buds in autumn and flowers and fruits the following June. 

Everbearing Types  

The everbearing varieties can produce fruits almost throughout. Optimal production is during spring, with light fruit produced in the summer season. Furthermore, they can bear another crop in the fall season.  

Day Neutral Types  

They produce strawberries consistently throughout the season until the first frost. The day-neutral types are not sensitive to the length of day or sunlight. Therefore, they produce runners, buds, and fruits regularly if temperatures are between 45-85°F

California Varieties  

California varieties are very tough; therefore, they can withstand extreme or unfavorable environmental conditions. To facilitate fast growth, we recommend you plant them early during spring. 

We also recommend the removal of the first flowers to aid full establishment. These varieties will produce flowers during their second spring season. The fruits are usually ready for consumption 4-6 weeks later. 

Alpine Strawberries 

The alpine strawberries are different from the California varieties. These plants grow neatly in clumps and don’t produce many runners. Plant them in your garden four to six weeks after germination of the seeds. 

After establishment, they blossom consistently from early spring through the fall season. Furthermore, they have the advantage of producing fruits in their first year. 

We recommend planting a variety of types, each with a unique response to environmental conditions. With multiple varieties, you will enjoy diverse fruits. Ensure you grow to plant them during spring to prevent rotting and guarantee fruit production. 

What Is the Lifespan of Strawberries? 

Fruit Plants in Rows
A strawberry plant’s lifespan will depend on a number of factors, but it is generally 2-3 years.

The life of strawberries begins with establishing a new crop and peaks 2-3 years later. After reaching a peak potential, production may slow. Most growers replace their berry plants after a few years.

Still, patches of strawberries can last for 5-6 years, especially if the plants are propagating via runners. However, after two productive years, they usually lose their vigor, and the production of fruits declines. You can thin out old plants to allow new ones to flourish.

As they age, strawberry plants weaken, and the fruits can die from fungi and other environmental microorganisms. The death of strawberries starts with defects, spots, and browning of previously normal and healthy plants. 

Several factors can prolong or hinder the maturity of strawberries. Furthermore, you might have big plants but no fruits. The root of the problem can range from inappropriate watering and poor growing conditions.  

Some of the factors that slow strawberry maturation and fruit production include: 

Inappropriate Growing Conditions

Person Planting Strawberries in the Ground
It is always ideal to make sure growing conditions are optimal for strawberries before planting them.

Although strawberries grow almost anywhere, they prefer soil with proper drainage and a combination of both cool and warm environmental conditions. In case they fall short of these conditions, it will take them too long to mature. 

Plants grown in hot conditions don’t produce good berries. However, suppose a cold snap occurs when the plants are in blossom; open blossoms will be damaged; thus, the produce will be low.  

So, suppose you’re looking to minimize strawberries’ growth period, ensure you grow them in the appropriate environmental conditions. 

Watering Issues  

Water Falling on Fruit Plant
You need to provide just the right amount of water for your strawberry plant.

Inappropriate watering will also slow maturation and fruit production in strawberries. Strawberries absorb most of their moisture from the upper few inches of the soil, which unfortunately tends to dry fast.  

To compensate for this drying, you must supply plenty of water throughout the growing season. 

Avoid excessive watering since it can lead to premature death by causing root rot. In addition, excessive watering reduces the lifespan of strawberry plants. 

Strawberry Diseases and Pests  

Brown Spots on Leaves of Fruit Plant
Brown leaf spot is an example of a disease that can harm your strawberry plant and hinder fruit production.

Pests and diseases also reduce the lifespan and fruit production in strawberries. Suppose you don’t control strawberry diseases and pests; they will last for less than five-six years. 

Furthermore, fruit production is minimal and after an extended period. The most common pest is Lygus bugs, while the most typical disease is the rooting of roots. 

Improper Fertilizer Application  

Person Spreading Compost Fertilizer Over Soil
Applying compost fertilizer to your strawberry plants is one of the best ways to give them a boost in nutrition.

As with water, too much or too little fertilizer can be detrimental to strawberries. Without adequate nutrients, growth will slow down; thus, your plant will take too long to mature. If they are lucky to reach full maturity without sufficient nutrients, their fruit production will be deficient. 

Ensure you provide compost or any other organic fertilizer to replenish soil nutrients. However, be very careful with nitrogen. Excessive nitrogen promotes foliage growth rather than strawberry fruit production. 

How to Hasten Strawberry Growth  

Ripe and Unripe Fruits on a Vine
It is good to know the best growing conditions for strawberries.

To promote or hasten the growth of strawberry plants, provide appropriate growth conditions. The optimal conditions for the development of strawberries are:

  • Cool and warm weather conditions  
  • Well-drained loamy soils  
  • A soil PH range of between 6 and 7 
  • Pay close attention to depth; ensure the crown is above the soil. Planting strawberries too deep can cause rotting, while planting them too shallow can cause dry out. 
  • To worth carrying out soil tests to check if your plants need special considerations  

Here are some of the tricks of hastening strawberry maturity:

Adequate Watering 

Person Watering Plants in a Garden
Berries are made of mostly water, so providing enough water is crucial.

Water is a primary requirement for the growth of plants and animals. Strawberries don’t have deep roots; thus, ensure you water adequately, especially during dry weather conditions. Strawberries don’t like excessive water; irrigate enough water without wetting leaves if possible. 

Adequate Exposure to Sunlight 

Fruit Plants in Afternoon Sun
An energy and nutrient source is light, and strawberries need lots of it.

Light is a requirement for photosynthesis, which plants use to make their food and grow strong and healthy. For example, without adequate light, strawberries take too long to grow since they lack enough food.  

To facilitate adequate light exposure, space your strawberries properly. Proper spacing not only promotes light penetration but also avoids unnecessary competition for nutrients. In addition, since overcrowding promotes the spread of pests and diseases between plants, the spacing will limit infection and pest spread. Therefore, we recommend a spacing of 20cm between plants. 

Proper Choice of Soil  

Young Plant in Soil
The soil you select for your strawberry plants should be the proper pH level.

Grow strawberries in well-drained and rich soils. Select soil rich in humus, sand, and slightly acidic. Provide adequate organic and inorganic fertilizer to support growth. Minimize weed growth by applying organic or inorganic mulch. 

Removal of plant runners reduces nutrient competition, thus will promote growth and production from your main plant. Plant runners are elongated stems arising from the main plant. 

Final Thoughts

In summary, strawberries can last between six to five years, with a peak of three years. Fruit production takes between 4-6 weeks. Planting as a bare root strawberry may accelerate the acclimation period. After the peak period, there is deterioration over the next 2-3 years. 

The lifespan of strawberries and their growth rate depends on environmental conditions and the type of soil. Therefore, optimal conditions are necessary for optimal growth rate and production. 

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